This route runs through the mountains, the northernmost part of the region of Guadix, well defined by the lower course of Fardes to its confluence with the Guadiana Menor and the northern slope of Sierra Arana and dominated by a barren landscape of gentle hills, sharply ravines cut by forming the lower basin of Fardes, where the people of Alicún de Ortega, Dehesas de Guadix and Villanueva de las Torres are located.
This situation privileged zone of step changes in the late Middle Ages, when the military pressure of the Christian kingdoms turned it into border, strongly defended the kingdom of Granada.
This part of Pardes River Valley offers the most spectacular landscapes of badlands of the region, with strong contrast of colors and shapes result of water erosion on geological materials of diverse nature. The Fardes-Guadiana Menor axis since prehistoric times has been the most important route between the coast of Almeria and the valley of Guadalquivir communication, which explains his intense occupation until modern times. This situation privileged zone of step changes in the late Middle Ages, when the military pressure of the Christian kingdoms turned it into border, strongly defended the kingdom of Granada. From that moment a slow depopulation and the rise of watchtowers and castles like Alicún de Ortega or near Pastures of Castillejo de Don Cristobal is observed. The Christian repopulation gave rise to the current villages around cortijadas belonging to the lords who received land, and gave names to them (Alicún de Ortega, Pedro Martinez, Governor, etc.). Today it is a grain and livestock area that offers pastries and cold cuts of excellent quality, among which are those of Dehesas de Guadix.
Travel Distance: 23,1 km.
Maximum height: 680 m.
Minimum height: 540 m.
House: 82.2% dirt roads in good condition and 17.8% for asphalt
Meadows, through which runs the route environment, has just over 600 residents occupying a set of caves and houses located in an elevated area of the left bank of Fardes, as an open balcony overlooking the green valley and a large area of bad- lands. The route of Dehesas to Villanueva de las Torres along the paved road. About three km. turn left and, on a dirt road, we descend to the Fardes. I continue on its course down the river to near its confluence with the Guadiana Menor. In this area, we climbed a small hill, next to the Valdemanzanos farmhouse, where we find the ruins of a mill is located. About three km. arrived at Cortijo Nuevo, went through his old school and taking on the left, we reach the farmstead of Cherrin.
That same lane traces the course of the Guadahortuna River to the Tarahal, formerly known as the “Pantheon” where we can visit the abandoned cemetery and the remains of the chapel. Continuing about four km. and after crossing the river Guadahortuna, we get to the starting point of the route.