The Marquess of Zenete occupies the entire southern region of Guadix area. Its 10 municipalities, located more than 1000 m. altitude, divide their territory between the slopes of Sierra Nevada and the plateau that extends to its feet.
Despite being two very close areas, the Marquess and Zalabí Valley, they offer very contrasting landscapes for understanding the geomorphological evolution of much of the region.
The abundance and diversity of resources since prehistoric times has favored the development of mining, ranching and agriculture. Zalabí Valley is composed of three population centers municipality: Alcudia and Exfiliana, both in the green river valley and Charches, in the foothills of the Sierra de Baza. Despite being two very close areas, the Marquess and Valley Zalabí, offer very contrasting landscapes for understanding the geomorphological evolution of much of the region, as seen clearly the erosion front which advances the area badlands, undermining the plain on both sides of valleys and ravines. The space where the city, Guadix is located, represents a more evolved phase of the erosive process: the valley of the Verde-Guadix river opens and handles, on the one hand, by a dense mosaic of plots of terraced irrigation, and another, by a high concentration of inhabited caves, which contistuyen the typical habitat of the badlands. Guadix has been since Roman times and without interruption administrative and institutional center of the whole region, hence its historical heritage artitisco.
Travel Distance: 17,2 km.
Maximum height: 1,237 m. (Jerez Marquesado)
Minimum height: 890 m. (Guadix).
This route starts in Jérez Marquesado whose current core arose in medieval times, near various Ibero-Roman settlements. The most visible medieval remains of Jérez are its towers. Almost all churches in this area are Mudejar, built on ancient mosques, with rich coffered ceilings and adorned with Renaissance elements, especially on their covers. From our starting point at the exit of Jérez continue to Baho slope next to the cemetery, widely used way before the closure of the mine by miners Alquife. Down the hill, we reached the river of Jérez through the area known as the Berral. Following the river, we arrived at its confluence with the Lanteira ravine where the river changes its name to Green River. This area is full of abandoned farmhouses that remind us of the activity that took this area until a few decades ago. About two kilometers, we can separate us from the river and visit Albuñán, with an impressive ethnographic room. After crossing the village, we looked again the river valley which soon find the Ermita de la Virgen de la Cabeza, famous for his pilgrimage last Sunday of April. From there we continue, always in the valley, even Guadix.