The city of Guadix is at a crossroads of major roads in communications southeast of the peninsula.
The villages that make up the Marquess of Zenete has much of its municipal area within the protected areas of the Sierra: the National Park and the Natural Park of Sierra Nevada.
No doubt this factor has determined an almost uninterrupted occupation from the Bronze Age and the founding of the Roman colony of Action under Augustus. Since then Guadix has been the administrative and economic center of the whole region. Testimony of its importance throughout history is its splendid historical and artistic heritage, where the Arab Alcazaba and the Cathedral stands. But their natural environment is no less impressive: a fertile, irrigated by traditional irrigation systems, which contrasts with the arid badlands and, a few kilometers, the imposing Sierra Nevada. The villages that make up the Marquess of Zenete has much of its municipal area within the protected areas of the Sierra: the National Park and the Natural Park of Sierra Nevada. Apart from its scenic attractions, the mountain has a great environmental wealth. In the highest areas, with the remains of modeling glacier, we find endemic plant species specially adapted to extreme conditions; in lower, despite widespread degradation areas, forests are still preserved deciduous leaf and oak, in which lives a diverse fauna: reptiles, deer and, above all, a lot of birds.
Approximate: 1 day
Travel Distance: 34.3 km.
Maximum height: 1264 m. (Ermita de la Virgen de la Cabeza Cogollos)
Minimum height: 945 m. (Arroyo del Pantano)
Our starting point is the Cabacci equestrian center in Guadix. We continue to Paulenca, small village of caves we left a few meters from the route. From here, we ride through an area of wadis typical landscape of badlands, to get on the plain. Soon we reach Cogollos of Guadix, the first village we are and where we can visit its Mudejar church, which contains one of the most interesting baroque altarpieces in the region, and the water tank, recently restored and converted into “Living Water” . We continue towards the mountain and, after passing by the raft or Pantaneto Cogollos, climb the hill to the shrine of the Virgen de la Cabeza, where we have some of the best views of the Marquess and Sierra Nevada. We continue our way through pine forests to the copper mines of Santa Constanza, now abandoned, and from here, in a few minutes, we arrived at Jerez Marquesado. It is advisable to make a stop in this town, one of the most beautiful in the area, and visit its Mudejar church, its old town, with a clear medieval character, its Arab towers and stroll through the Garden Castillejo, where chestnut trees centenarians, still remains of a castle and a medieval towers remain. The return to Guadix continuing to Albuñán we do, where we can visit the “ethnographic Room”, and following, from here, the Royal Cañada del Marquesado, which leads us to our starting point.