The Marquess of Zenete is the area of the region of Guadix which has a strong geographical and historical identity.
One of the most striking features of the landscape are the huge slag heaps (the “empty your”) of the iron mines of Alquife, now closed.
The ten municipalities that comprise it, all located above 1,100 m., Occupy a large area of the north face of Sierra Nevada and sedimentation plain that opens up between this sierra and that of Baza. The Marquess has been since prehistory a mining area par excellence and some farms still remain open. In fact, one of the most striking features of the landscape are the huge slag heaps (the “empty your”) of the iron mines of Alquife, now closed. The natural resources of the area are not only varied, but abundant, which has ensured the development of their populations and a wide range of activities, mining, agriculture and livestock and now, rural tourism, which benefits from its environmental and its historical and artistic heritage wealth. Calahorra houses the artistic jewel of the area, the first Renaissance castle in Spain, built by the first Marquis of Zenete, Rodrigo de Vivar and Mendoza, in 1513. But the importance of this monument does not obscure the remains of the medieval (bathrooms, towers and castles) and the Mudejar churches of the sixteenth century scattered all peoples.
Path: strong> Circular
Duration approx. 1 hour 15 minutes
Hiking distance: 4.9 km.
Maximum height: 1,308 m. (Balsilla the Partidor)
Minimum height: 1213 m. (Source Chortal)
This circular route of Jérez del Marquesado, one of the most interesting towns in the area. The current core arose in medieval times, near various Ibero-Roman mining establishments, which have continued in operation until very recent times. The most visible are the remains medieval towers, one in the town itself and another, the Alcazar, the other side of the ravine, but the oldest houses in the village are of Arab and Moorish origin. Mudejar church is the most interesting in the area. We begin the route at the top of the street Alcázar, where the slope begins Chortal. We descend the hill to the river of Jérez, passing over a bridge and a fountain. When we come to a fork, we take the left lane to visit the remains of the medieval towers of Los Casarones and Alcazar. Continuing along the same lane, cross the road from Jerez to Lanteira and into an area of orchards to reach the balsilla Alcazar, where we open a wonderful view of the Picon de Jerez (3,090 m.). From here we continue along a path that runs between old chestnut trees and a ditch, which, on flat terrain, we take you to the Balsilla the Partior, so called because it distributes the waters between the irrigation channels of Guadix and Alcazar. Still, down by the river Alcazar, and within minutes we reached the foot of the Loma de Enmedio, dividing the gorges of the Alcázar and Alhorí. From here and a lane, we returned back to our starting point.