The basin of Guadix, part of the region they belong to the people of this route mainly offers attractive contrast of its landscapes and its rich historical heritage.
A landscape that specific modeling correspond some forms of human occupation equally specific: the agricultural landscape of meadow and habitat of caves, which are the result of many centuries of history.
The natural area on which the people of this area are based is known as badlands. The landscape of badlands or “bad lands” is caused by the erosive action of water on very flimsy materials, clays, silts and sands. Most of the Guadix is occupied by recent sedimentary deposits of this type, on which water has opened valleys, ravines and gorges like those in this route can be observed. A landscape that specific modeling correspond some forms of human occupation equally specific: the agricultural landscape of meadow and habitat of caves, which are the result of many centuries of history. A level of heritage stands out in this area the set of dolmens that are distributed by all the municipalities of this route, except for Benalúa, and having a point of maximum concentration in the “Gorafe Megalithic Park”. No less important are the medieval remains: from castles and towers Fonelas, Gorafe and Gor, to the caves of Fonelas refuge or Gorafe and, in general, the troglodyte nuclei of most villages along the route. In this historical heritage rich traditions such as holidays or the running of the bulls, and craft of ceramics or wood, with a cuisine that offers sausages, sweets and organic products come together.
The starting point is Guadix, where we go to Benalúa, one of the largest towns in the region. From the viewpoint of Cerro Kabila we can get a clear idea of the strong contrasting landscapes of the region. We continue to Fonelas following the course of Fardes, but before you get there, please take the detour to Belarda, a small village of caves encased in a very narrow valley vertical walls. Fonelas we can visit the Church since the sixteenth century or cave district. Around this village and found some of the dolmens and also two of the best preserved watchtowers in the area. Spanning an area of badlands spectacular for the surprising forms that has shaped erosion and color contrast of geological materials will reach the thermal spa of Alicún de las Torres. A walk through the surrounding area will allow us to approach the “slit Alicun” hot spring, the dolmens or the remains of a medieval village next to which there is a high irrigation channel on a high wall of Toba. We continue to Gorafe following the course of the Gor river, a tributary of Fardes. The landscape of badlands surprise us again by the shapes and contrasting colors in the area known as “Los Coloraos”. Gorafe is a village of caves, dominated by its castle ruins and almost inaccessible caves refuge Los Algarbes. The “Gorafe Megalithic Park” is a must. Organized into four routes, it contains almost 200 dolmens that have been cleaned and signposted with explanatory panels: a unique opportunity to get closer to prehistory. Up the river along a narrow road we come to Gor, and in the Sierra de Baza, where we visited the old town, the church and the remains of its medieval castle, next to which is attached the bullring. The A-92 continue the path towards Hernán Valle, which offers great views over Sierra Nevada and from there in a few minutes, we’ll be back in Guadix.