Zalabí Valley consists of three towns: Alcudia and Exfiliana, both in the green river valley and Charches, in the foothills of the Sierra de Baza.
The Marquess of Zenete occupies the entire southern region of Guadix area. Its 10 municipalities, located more than 1,000 meters, divided their territories between the slopes of Sierra Nevada and the plateau that extends to its feet.
Despite being two very close areas, the Marquess and the Valley of Zalabí, offer very contrasting landscapes for understanding the geomorphological evolution of much of the region, as seen clearly the erosion front which advances the area badlands, undermining the plain on both sides of valleys and ravines. The Marquess of Zenete occupies the entire southern region of Guadix area. Its 10 municipalities, located more than 1,000 meters, divided their territories between the slopes of Sierra Nevada and the plateau that extends to its feet. Apart from its scenic attractions, the mountain has a great environmental wealth. From the endemism of summits, to the Mediterranean forests. The Marquess has been since prehistoric mining area and some farms still remain open. In fact, one of the most striking features of the landscape are the huge slag heaps (the “empty your”) of the iron mines of Alquife, now closed. In medieval times are numerous remains of fortifaciones and towers, as well as public toilets. Calahorra houses the artistic jewel of the area, the first Renaissance castle in Spain, built by the first Marquis of Zenete, Rodrigo de Vivar and Mendoza, in 1513. But the importance of this monument does not obscure the Moorish churches of the sixteenth century , spread over all nations. Ceramic crafts, wrought iron and wood and gastronomy are also attractions in the area.
From Guadix Cogollos we arrived at the crossing and Albuñán. Cogollos we can visit the Mudejar church with its magnificent baroque altarpiece, and the water tank, recently restored. In Albuñán we visited the only ethnographic museum in the area. Returning to the junction continue towards Jerez Marquesado where we can visit the church or stroll around, with remains of medieval fortifications and ancient chestnut trees. Crossing the ravine continue to Anteira and Alquife, where iron mines which are uninhabited mining town and the huge “well” today are filled with water. A few km. is La Calahorra, former residence of the governors of the Marquess and where we can visit not only the magnificent castle, but its majestic old town. From La Calahorra Aldeire we approach with remains of fortifications and medieval baths. From Calahorra we can also go towards the A-92 to initiate the return to Guadix or to approach Charches, a small village in the foothills of the Sierra de Baza. Another alternative is to continue to Ferreira, with remains of Arab baths. Dollar, the next town, offers a new example of Moorish intricate planning of the Marquess. From there we move to Huéneja, already in the hall Fiñana and where we glimpse the desert landscape of Almeria. The return we do for the A-92 to the junction of Alcudia de Guadix and Exfiliana, and in the valley of the Verde-Guadix river, which offers a splendid view of the badlands, here especially colorful. Within minutes from Exfiliana, we’ll be back in Guadix.