What we call “Alhama Valley” encompasses all municipalities located on the right bank of the upper basin of river Fardes: The Peza, Cortes and Graena, Lugros, Policar, Beas de Guadix, Marchal and Purullena.
Most people today have their origins in medieval times with caves refuge, still visible in many places in the valley, around which villages emerged cave houses.
The scenery offered by this area allow us to understand the geological evolution of the whole region: the limestone mountains of the Sierra de la Peza or Lugros in the highest areas; at his feet, the great plain of sedimentation on which we find the villages of Lugros and Policar; and finally, the badlands, formed by the erosion of clay, where are the rest of the people. Although the whole area has been occupied since recent prehistory, was in Roman times when it acquired a unique role thanks to the hot springs of Graena and the passage of the Joint Action (Guadix) pathway – Iliberis (Granada) and that the name Beas reminds us . Most people today have their origins in medieval times with caves refuge, still visible in many places in the valley, around which villages emerged cave houses. The historical heritage of the area is completed with the Mudejar churches of the sixteenth century. Currently, the area, in addition to the above, excellent wines and a craft itself, which highlights pottery Purrullena offers.
This route starts and continues to Lugros Guadix, in whose municipality of Lugros is the Camarate, the pasture most important bulls of this part of Sierra Nevada. On 25 April, San Marcos, the village of Lugros offers visitors a chickpea stew. We continue the route to Policar whose “country wines” are appreciated throughout the region. We going down the road that follows the valley we enter fully into the bad-llands of the area and found the way typical habitat, the cave in Beas de Guadix, the next town. The road continues to Marchal where, from afar, stands a manor house of the twentieth century. Turning away Alhama course, we come to the spa town of Los Banos, and, turning aside a couple of km. we can approach courts and visit his church, a little gem of Moorish, before continuing to Graena, village which has one of the highest concentrations of medieval refuge caves in the region. The route continues, following the old path from Guadix to Granada, to La Peza, one of the best examples of Moorish urban development in the region. Atop the village we can see the ruins of what was the most important of the old path from Guadix to Granada, whose surveillance was responsible castle. From La Peza we continue the route to Purullena, following the road that gives access to the A-92 and the dam Francisco Abellan, where we can stop and have a snack at the tavern. Before reaching Purullena, we can make a stop at Lopera, a small village of well-preserved caves, next to Pardes River. Our last stop will Purullena, whose recent industrial development has not eliminated its identity as a traditional village of caves and crafts, which features ceramics, which can be purchased in the many “seats” next to the road. From here we arrive in a few minutes back to Guadix.